German lawmakers on Wednesday approved a proposal by Chancellor Angela Merkel's government to mandate slotxo คือ uniform restrictions in areas where the coronavirus is spreading too quickly, among them closures and a nighttime curfew.
As parliament's lower house debated the plan, thousands of protesters gathered on a nearby street. Police ended the demonstration after participants ignored coronavirus restrictions.
The legislation to apply an “emergency brake” consistently in areas with high infection rates is intended to end the patchwork of measures that has often characterized the pandemic response across highly decentralized Germany's 16 states.
Lawmakers in the lower house voted 342-250 for the plan, with 64 abstentions. The upper house, where state governments are represented, is due to consider the legislation Thursday. It would apply until the end of June.
“As hard as it is, as sick of it as we are, reducing contacts helps,” Health Minister Jens Spahn told lawmakers.
"We are again seeing 5,000 COVID-19 intensive care patients and rising, with the age of the patients sinking," Spahn said. “We want to avoid an overburdening of our health system, an overburdening that many of our neighboring countries have experienced painfully.”
Not far from the parliament's Reichstag building, an estimated 8,000 protesters assembled, few of them wearing masks. Police ended the gathering after organizers failed to get participants to comply with coronavirus restrictions.
A group of demonstrators was prevented from climbing over barriers. Officers used pepper spray after bottles were thrown at them, police said. The police department said on Twitter that seven people were arrested.
"There are some people out there today on the streets of this city who say it isn serious and there's almost nothing going on," Vice Chancellor Olaf Scholz said in parliament. "Yes, something is going on: 80,000 people in this country have died, and you can talk past or overlook that."
“Because that's the case, and because the situation is still serious, something must be done beyond what we have done so far,” Scholz said. "And what we need now is clarity and consistency for what happens when the ... infection rates rise too much."
The proposal features plans to impose a 10 p.m.-5 a.m. curfew, limit personal contacts, close leisure and sports facilities and shut or restrict access to many stores.
The measures would kick in for areas where there are more than 100 weekly new cases per 100,000 residents. Schools would have to switch to distance learning at a higher rate of 165.